Proposal for a battery of assessment of the fitness for youth football 15 to 18 years

Faced with the progress and modernization that is showing football in today’s world, it is necessary to carry out studies to interfere with a scientific basis for future work, which will be implemented in different areas, and that elite athletes need to develop in good shape, as it is his physical condition.

    Considering this scenario, which only points to the professional sector and makes absolute helplessness youth spectrum of national football, it is proposed to establish a battery of tests to assess the different conditional physical skills of the inserts athletes in the elite professional soccer provinces of Talca and Curicó and thus start the path of improving the basis of national youth soccer.

    The problem responds to the lack of batteries almost complete test of the different conditional physical skills applied sport of football which does not reveal good shape conduct input having different Young which does not support develop properly his plan work both individually and collectively when they are started in this sport.

    That is why this study seeks to answer the above as it seeks to establish an indirect test battery field, which serves to assess the physical condition of the young football Maule Region. Similarly, it is intended that this CPAP Batteries will support the different physical education professionals working in this sport. The proposal is feasible to implement battery in the most diverse sports institutions governed by football, such as amateurs institutions, school teams, college, professional, regional, provincial and municipal level institutes; as well as in the preparation of national and international competitions.

Materials and method

    This study is part of the Experimental Design No, because it is done without deliberately manipulate variables. Only situations that occur in the context of research naturally then analyze observed.

    Research was conducted, ranking transectional or Transversal design, because the data are collected in one time and one time ; The variables are described and their impact and interaction is analyzed in a given time; that is, a single measurement.

    This study is descriptive and trying to make a synthesis of the battery of tests that exist to assess Fitness in Sport Young Football, defining the specific conditional physical abilities that develop in football at this age so then propose a battery physical evidence as a model for physical assessment in young players.

Sample

    I was working with a young driver 200 shows between 15 and 18 years of the city of Talca and Curicó participating in clubs who play continuously in the field Amateur and Youth Football ANFP.

    physical test more specific indirect field was sought and respond better to measure the conditional physical skills; They are prevailing in the Futbol that were easy to use and limited costs.

Description of tests

1.     Test Flexibility (Wells and Dillon)

 

 

Objective: To measure the elasticity of the hip joints and lumbar flexion.

 

Material: A measuring tape with the structure or form of a drawer that has in its front part 23 cm high, 65 cm long and 51 cm depth. On the box and in the center, there is a table of 82 cm thick. In the back a tape of 82 cm, being in the front stick. Centimeter 25 of the huincha is at the apex of union with the plate footing. On the plate you can locate a cart capable of being moved manually.

 

Administration: The performer sits in front of the instrument, with bare feet, knees and extended a similar separation width of shoulders, soles must fully rely on the support of former plant measuring tape. The performer should carry arms to the front, palms down and fingers spread. On indication administrator begins to flex the trunk forward, resting his fingertips on the graduated table, trying to reach the maximum range of motion and remaining at least 2 seconds on the position.

 

Registration: Four attempts by the performer, the best of the last two is recorded. The measurement is recorded in centimeters. If there was a few millimeters, they approach the lower centimeter.

2.     Test Abs

 

 

Objective: Measure resistance force dynamics of the abdominal muscles (anterior and oblique abdominal straight), expressed in maximum repetitions performed continuously in 45 seconds.

 

Material: sufficient cushions to provide support to the entire body of the performer or, alternatively, soft ground. Measuring tape and stopwatch.

 

Administration: The performer knees bent, feet parallel flat on the floor and heels located between 30 and 40 cm away from the buttocks is fully located on the mats (or soft ground), supine position. The arms are held folded, glued to his chest, his fingers tightly taking the opposite shoulder. Another person keeps her glued to the floor by pressure on the toes feet. A signal teacher, performer, at the maximum speed that is possible, feel and will touch your thighs with your elbows (keeping arms close to his chest and fingers gripping the shoulders), to return to the starting position as fast as possible. Shoulder blades and back should clearly touching the mat.

 

Register: the number of correct repetitions were recorded uninterrupted the performer achieves performed for 45 seconds.

3.     Test Long Jump with feet together

 

 

Objective: To measure the strength of the lower extremities.

 

Materials: A metal tape 3 meter minimum length, graduated in centimeters. Pencil. A box of approximately 30 x 30 x 5 cm (length, width and height respectively) with chalk or lime. A draft or implement that allows erase traces the floor or ground jump. Area free of obstacles eight meters wide, use a flat, non – slip, soft surface.

 

Administration: The performer steps into the box with chalk or lime, to mark his heels, then it is located in a standing position, feet parallel and slightly apart, behind the line drawn on the floor. Given the instruction of test administrator: “Rejects and tries to get as far as possible, falling feet together , ” the performer is concentrated to save the greatest possible distance (product of flexion and extension of ankles, knees and hips, and simultaneous momentum swing arm), and fall with both feet on the ground, leaving a clear record of finishing mark.

 

Registration : You must perform two jumps and is considered the best. Once executed the jump, the assistants perform the measurement from the heel closest to the line rejection footprint, placing the zero point of the huincha in that heel.

4.     Test Extension Arms

 

 

Objective: To measure the power extensor muscles of the elbow.

 

Material: smooth terrain. Light clothing (shirt, shorts). Stopwatch and mattresses.

 

Administration: The performer is located with the body straight and stretched parallel to the ground, with the fulcrum in the hands and feet. The arms should be perpendicular to theground and your hands flat on the floor directly under your shoulders. The signal given by the examiner, the performer flexes his arms down his chest to play with him on the floor, keeping your body straight. Return to the starting position always keeping your body straight and fully stretching his arms at the end of each bending. The exercise is repeated as many times as possible without interruption, for 30 seconds.

 

Record: Record full number of extensions, closed number, that the subject makes in 30 seconds without interruption.

5.     Test 30 Meter Dash

 

 

Objective: To measure running speed, expressed in seconds and tenths of seconds.

 

Material: 2 stopwatches in hundredths of a second. Not slippery space level ground, free of obstacles and not less than 40 or 60 meters in length or less than 2.44 meters wide by chairlift.Dialing starting line and finish line.

 

Administration: The performers are placed in a position of high output with walk in advance rejection and placed immediately behind the starting line. The administrator is located next to the start line with one arm holding the banner and the timekeepers are located on one side of the line. Simultaneously with starting the voice (ready, ya), the low hand administrator to object that the timekeepers -at the same time- actuate the stopwatches.

    At the starting signal, started the race 30 meters which will try to cover as quickly as possible, each timed stop his stopwatch when the trunk of the corridor (not consider head or arms), crosses the finish line.

 

Registration: The time taken to travel the distance from the starting signal until crossing the finish line is recorded in seconds and tenths of seconds.

6.     Test Course Navette

 

 

Objective: To estimate the aerobic capacity (maximal aerobic power PAM) expressed in VO2 max. (Ml / kg.min.) – 1.

 

Material: minimum of 24 meters long, as wide as possible. All surfaces are good except areas or slippery surfaces. A CD pre-recorded in the protocol, an amplifier cassette (radio-cassette), a visual indicator of periods, a whistle, a stopwatch, a form of Control, a chalk pencil.

 

Manager before the test: The administrator must verify the speed at which the tape passes in the amplification equipment, as follows: Locate the beginning of the CD reference signal 60 seconds at the first sound signal to operate the stopwatch and stop at the sign for 60 seconds. According to the verified time must adjust the distance as follows:

 

During the test: Fix all errors in the test run.

    Watch athletes who show any signs of exercise intolerance, headache, chest pain, dizziness, vomiting, facial pallor, tachycardia. Pointing the display (board) the number of periods.Timesheet score in performance obtained by students completed the test immediately. This information will be given to who completes the form. The person who completes the test should recover walking for at least 3 minutes to control their heart rate to meet their resilience.

 

Register: In the timesheet period number that reached the student scores. If the student fails the following period should be considered inferior. For example, a student reaches the period number five and continues to run without reaching the period number 6 is estimated VO2max. Considering the period No. 5.

7.     Test Matsudo

 

 

Objective : Total Anaerobic Power

 

Material: Soccer field and athletics track, 2 Evaluators, 2 timers in hundredths of seconds, dial starting line and finish line.

 

Administration: a soccer field or demarked athletics track meter by meter is used, basically between 150 and 350mts. They take two evaluators, the first of which begins to test the voice “and” activating the timer. Immediately, this is directed towards the second evaluator who is to 250mts. Departure, who will be responsible for determining the final support evaluated when the timekeeper informed with “care and” the end of the test time. During the 40 seconds, the assessed should go as far as possible with maximum effort.

 

Registration: the distance covered in 40 seconds with an accuracy of 1 (one) meter is determined .

8.     Test 4 x 10 Meters

 

 

Objective : To determine the Agility and speed.

 

Material: Soccer Field and Track Athletics 1 Evaluator, 1 Timer, Dial starting line and finish line.

 

Administration: a running track or football field, delineated at a distance of 10 meters is used. The evaluator, starts to test the voice “and” activating the timer. The performer must cover the distance of 10 meters 4 times will range between two dashed lines, being valid when the performer mark with his foot on the line every arrival.

 

Registration: The time taken to travel the distance from the starting signal until crossing the finish line is recorded in seconds and tenths of seconds.

conclusions

    According to the study carried out to determine the conditional physical skills required in the young Football 15 to 18 years and then make batteries indirect test that they were taking to assess these capabilities, approved developing a battery that respond to the specific physical dimensions for young Football.

    This allows us to conclude that:

 

  • Basically the physical dimensions in football are the coordination, speed, flexibility, muscular strength, aerobic endurance, anaerobic endurance (alactic-lactic)

  • There is a variety of batteries both in Chile and in other countries that do not always measure the physical qualities that arise in young soccer.

  • In Chile there are few prepared with scientific rigor to allow physical assessment to evaluate the physical dimensions that arise in young soccer batteries.

  • That based on the above it is concluded in a shaped by valid, reliable and objective tests that allow us to evaluate the physical dimensions that develop in young players presented a methodology for easy development, non-invasive indirect test, inexpensive battery and simple performing by the performer and controlled by the trainer.

  • That according to the organization of such tests is necessary to advance in a linear study applying the test; and verify their specificity.

  • Established that these tests can be delivered other evaluations or measurements that complement this study.

 

 

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